How Do I Make My Asphalt Look Better Driveway Pavers?
Your asphalt pavement is important to you. It was a significant investment intended to increase property value, safety, and curb appeal. So it is no surprise that you are interested in learning ways to enhance the appearance so that it looks the way it did the day it was installed. Whether you have an asphalt drive way or parking lot, Driveway Pavers the options for making it look better remain fairly the same. Continue reading to learn how you can make your asphalt pavement look like new again.
If your paved surface is old and faded, an overlay is a great investment. As long as the existing pavement is in good structural condition, a new layer of asphalt can be poured directly over it, rendering a fresh, brand-new paved surface. Driveway Pavers in Sunninghill Not only are overlays efficient and cost-effective, they are long-lasting. If your paved surface is not structurally sound, you can get the same results by removing the old pavement and repaving the entire surface with new asphalt. These two options are the most invasive and significant investments, but they are worth the overall value you receive long-term.
If you are not interesting in a pavement renovation, you can still benefit by implementing some do-it-yourself strategies to keep your lot or drive looking great. First, routine debris removal is important. This involves picking up trash and litter on a daily basis. It also involves prompt leaf and snow removal every season. Not only does this prevent unsightly stains, corrosion, and hazards, it makes the lot look clean and fresh. If you have a large lot or complex, it is wise to invest in a street sweeping machine to make this chore more efficient.
Preventative Maintenance and Repairs
Whether you choose to overlay your existing pavement, remove and repave your asphalt, or implement DIY strategies, preventative maintenance and fixing minor damages is a must. Catching small problems early on can save you money and maintain strong pavement. This includes crack filling, pothole repair, line striping and painting, grade repairs, drainage adjustments, and more. You must always be maintaining your paved surfaces, regardless of condition or square footage.
Every paved asphalt surface should have a protective coating. Asphalt needs to be seal coated every 3 to 5 years, especially in regions that are hot and dry most of the year. This thin, clear protective layer shields harmful sunrays, which prevents it from prematurely fading, cracking, and more. It also creates a waterproof barrier that prevents corrosion, crumbling, heaving, and more.
Interesting Facts About Driveway Pavers in Rivonia:
About Driveway Pavers in Rivonia:
You may own a commercial property with a parking lot on it or perhaps just a very simple residence containing a driveway. If this is the case, it is a must to apply asphalt paving to improve its overall structure.
What is asphalt paving?
Asphalt is a sustainable and the most versatile material used to surface roadways, driveways, parking lots and other construction projects. It is composed of sand, stone, gravel, and liquid (petroleum) asphalt.
Pavement is a superficial covering or a hardscape used to keep the ground surface at its very best performance and appearance. Asphalt paving is one of the most economical solutions for paving any driving surfaces.
All asphalt is not the same. It can be made in many different ways. Depending upon how it's made determines the quality of the material, thus it's important that you ask for or specify a quality designed mix when dealing with your paver or contractor.
Asphalt costs vary depending on your geographical location. On average, it will be between $4 to $8 per square foot. Proper maintenance such as regular sealcoating and resurfacing are the key to ensuring longevity with asphalt surfaces.
After your initial installation happens, about every 3 years, you should expect to do a resurfacing. For a long period of time, it's going to develop cracks and you have to apply a rubberized compound to stop the cracks from spreading and spidering throughout the surface. In addition, asphalt naturally contains oils and is black when healthy. Over time, exposure to the environment and daily wear and tear causes it to oxidize, become gray and get certain damages. You can prevent these damages by sealing the driveway.
To replace an existing pavement, the following steps must be executed to ensure a smooth, seamless process;
- Prepare the ground for grading.
- Constructing the base and sub-base to support the weight of the pavement.
- Apply courses of asphalt and make sure they are rolled and compacted.
- Ensure that there is no improper drainage.
Asphalt is generally preferred by many consumers in various applications such as paving and finishing due to their many advantages. These include the following;
- Asphalt is a durable, resilient and affordable servicing option that can be installed quickly. With proper maintenance, asphalt surfaces can last 20 to 25 year on average.
- It's essential to protect your pavement from any damage and to save money from doing repairs which may include total replacement of the surface. Asphalt paving can protect the overall pavement from the harsh effects of the environment and the activities of the people.
- Paving your surface is indeed necessary to maintain the good condition of your pavement and to make it last for long.
- It's cost-effective. If the driveway is already asphalt, 9 times out of 10 it can be resurfaced, unlike concrete that requires complete removal.
Using asphalt service thus makes the process of maintaining commercial properties relatively easy and cost-effective. In the residential areas, the use of asphalt improves the overall safety of the home. For commercial areas, it provides a safe base and quiet pavement.
Driveway Pavers in Rivonia
Although most people do not have the tools or equipment to actually install an asphalt driveway there are many things you can do to prepare the drive for paving work. The driveway without exception must have a solid base underneath to pave upon. Soft or wet spots are the most common reason for failure of the pavement itself. Cracking or alligatoring means the ground is unable to carry the weight of the vehicles driven over it. Severe wet spots will cause the pavement to fail totally and breakup into large chunks and cause the entire driveway to fail.
There are available today ground stabilization fabric materials that can be laid under stone sub base materials in wet areas to help solidify the sub base itself. The material is fairly expensive but may allow installation of a driveway where it would not be possible other wise. If placed directly on the earth below the sub base and over the wet area, once the sub base material is properly compacted the ground will support a great deal more weight without and shifting or movement. Many masonry supply stores carry these materials. It will take two people to roll out and handle the fabric as it generally comes in twelve foot wide rolls. A local excavating contractor may have some smaller rolls to sell. Give them a try as well.
Our first job is assure there are no wet spots either by installing some under drains, ditching along the edges to carry away surface water or actually replacing some of the wet earth with stone or other suitable materials. Sub base materials could be small and large stones, DOT item 4 materials, crushed gravel or bank run sand and gravel perhaps. The material needs to drain well and can be compacted with mechanical compactors. Drainage piping could be twelve inch corrugated piping which when installed will help water quickly pass under a drive or smaller four inch perforated piping run under the driveway areas encased in stone to provide constant pathways for water drainage without soaking the soils themselves. Water will always take the path of least resistance so any drainage piping installed will help the ground to dry much more quickly than nature would allow by itself.
Once you have solved any current or potential water problems you can move on to the actual asphalt sub base itself. Most homeowner driveways have a four inch base of gravel shale or item 4 installed when the home was built. Over the passing years, car tires break the shale down into very small pieces which will not provide a great sub base material. Adding new shale or stone can become a yearly maintenance project to maintain a smooth driving surface. As the stone or shale is pressed into the earth you are creating a thicker and thicker sub base. Depending upon whether you want your new drive to finish up higher or perhaps level than the adjoining lawns or gardens is how much sub base you want to have in the end. A typical residential driveway is ten feet wide with an actual driving surface area of about eight feet wide. For paving, you will need a solid ten foot surface to get a nine foot drive. Ten foot drive, eleven foot surface and so on. You need to have at least six inches of sub base beyond the actual finished paved width on both sides. The extra flat area is used to backup the asphalt and prevent the edges from crumbling. Remember also that asphalt and sub base may be as much as six inches thick and will require extra topsoil to backup the edge of the sub base and asphalt.
By adding sub base material and keeping the surface as level as possible, you will already have the sub base built for the paving man. In many areas of the US a material called blue stone screenings is available. This material is actually finely crushed granite and comes in three colors. Blue which will turn a darker blue when wet as time passes. Red that will also turn a lighter blue over time and yellow which stays yellow tinted forever. Once graded, this material becomes as hard as concrete on a driveway. I have seen blue stone screening surfaces snow plowed winter after winter without any plowing damage. A new dusting every few years maintains the crisp color and in-fills any depressions that may have developed. This makes a super sub-base for finished asphalt.
Well ahead of the time to have the driveway paved you should also install several conduits under the driveway for future landscape lighting. Depending upon the length of the drive, a crossing conduit every fifty feet or so should suffice. If an area is very rocky or wet, add additional conduits now before paving. Adding them later will require cutting and patching the asphalt and will not only destroy the driveways appearance but will provide a potential area for surface water infiltration. Conduit is cheap and if you never use it, it is better safe than sorry. Plastic (PVC) conduit is better than metal as it will last underground forever. Put caps on both ends to avoid any nasty surprises later on when you uncover them. Clearly mark the ends with stakes but also draw a little map and take measurements to each end from permanent objects in the yard. Once the grass grows back you will have no idea where the conduit ends are located. If you do this far ahead of the actual paving, your car traffic will compact the sub-base and will prevent any future sinking under the asphalt and thereby causing the asphalt to crack. You do not want to have to cross the new asphalt with anything later on..
Call several paving contractors for prices. The nicest guy may not do the nicest job. Make sure you tell each one exactly the same things you want. If you change the description of the work, you will not get comparable prices. Write down what you want done and then give them a copy. Ask for a written quote to make sure they included everything on your lists. Will they pickup all spillage? Are they insured against yard damages to flowers or trees or your house? How long is driveway guaranteed? How thick with the rolled asphalt be when done? Loose rolled asphalt 3 inches thick will be only 1 1/2 to 2 inches thick when rolled. Ask questions before they do the work. Get a written signed contract and a copy of their insurance policy. Be very careful with down payments. If they insist on one, make sure it is not a major portion of the contract value. Many times a down payment is paid and the contractor never shows again. Do not be suckered in by sob stories. Reputable contractors have open accounts at asphalt plants and do not need your money to buy the asphalt. If you sense something is awry move on to someone else. Ask neighbors about his work or stop at someone's house who he has just paved their driveway. Most people are proud of their new yard and will glad to talk to you. Call the Better Business Bureau and check on the contractor as well. It may sound like you are a bit over cautious but after all it is your hard earned money.
Once you have selected a contractor ask him/her if there is anything else you can do to save a few bucks on the price. Maybe removing a pre-installed asphalt driveway apron or removing adjacent features such as signs or statues or whatever else that he figured on doing for you. If you save fifty bucks on the price, that is fifty dollars towards your next project.
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You're looking at your asphalt driveway and it appears to be in rough shape. What should you do? Will some repair work do the trick? Should the driveway be resurfaced, or does the whole thing need to be ripped up and redone from scratch?
Perhaps the best thing to do is to consult a few asphalt paving contractors and get their opinions, and (often free) estimates. This article can give you a general idea of what's going on, what to look for in an asphalt paving contractor, and what to include in your contract.
Maintenance is good medicine, but it's not foolproof
Asphalt driveways don't remain smooth and black forever. You can take steps to maintain your driveway by sealing and protecting it, but often the effects of heat, ultra-violet rays, and substances such as salt, oil, gas and grease take their toll. And if those don't get you, then cracking and water penetration eventually will.
Your driveway may be corroded, worn out, or have cracks, which could all warrant a resurfacing job if the condition is severe enough. As a general guide, if repairs are needed on more than 25 percent of the surface, it is more cost-effective to do a hot mix asphalt resurfacing job over the entire driveway.
Say no to cracks!
Asphalt pavement is hard and brittle, and as a result, cracks will develop over time. Ranging from hairline to an inch wide or more, cracks are your driveway's worst enemy because they let water in. In colder climates, freeze-thaw cycles can be very destructive, and can wreak havoc on your driveway if water penetrates the cracks, then expands as it turns to ice. And even in warmer climates, water penetration can cause serious damage. The larger the crack, the more serious the problem, and the sooner it needs to be fixed. Cracks that are left un-repaired will lead to serious deterioration of the pavement and even to the base layers, requiring complete replacement of the driveway - sooner rather than later in colder climates.
Can it be fixed or do you need a new driveway?
Whether you'll need to rip out your existing driveway and install a new one, or if you can get away with resurfacing - or even some patchwork and crack-filling - depends largely on the condition of the base layers, or foundation. However, if cracking covers 3/4 of the driveway, the surface is too far gone to repair. The root of the problems may come from lower down, and a complete overhaul should be considered.
If your driveway has been resurfaced several times with hot mix asphalt and keeps deteriorating prematurely, it is likely a problem with the foundation, and you should consider installing a whole new driveway. Likewise, if there are areas that have depressions or mounds, they should be completely reconstructed from the base. If you have several of these areas, a new driveway might make sense.
Various factors may cause premature wear
Although a properly installed asphalt driveway can last 15 to 20, even 25 years if properly maintained, extreme weather conditions, extra-heavy loads and shortcuts taken during construction can all cause premature wear and failure.
Beware of "traveling contractor" scams
Beware of any asphalt paving contractor who rings your doorbell and claims to have some "leftover materials" from another job, and if you agree to the work "right now," you'll get an amazing discount. If this happens to you, call the police. It is a scam. Reputable contractors calculate the materials they need very carefully, and any small amount left over from a job would never be enough to complete an entire new job. If these con artists do any work at all before taking off with your money, it will most definitely be shoddy.
Tips for hiring an asphalt paving contractor
It is best to deal with registered, bonded, adequately insured and licensed (where companies. Many reputable paving contractors also belong to trade associations, such as the National Asphalt Pavement Association (NAPA), the National Pavement Contractors Association (NPCA), or various state-specific associations.
When hiring a contractor to resurface or install a new asphalt driveway, always get a list of references and check them. Ask references about the quality of the contractor's work, their attention to details, and if the work was competed on time. You can even go and inspect previous work.
What to include in the contract
Once you decide on an Asphalt Paving Contractor, consider these points when drawing up a contract:
Clarify who is responsible for re-hanging gates or other doors, if needed, due to raised pavement levels.
Who will raise any water valves or sewer inlets to meet the asphalt around them - you, a plumber, or someone else? Who pays?
Specify that the surface must be graded to provide proper drainage.
For new installations, specify that the sub grade will be compacted before the base layer is applied.
Specify how many layers are included in the job, a description of the materials that will be used for each layer (sub-base, base and asphalt), and the thickness of each layer when compacted. Two separate layers, or lifts, of asphalt is preferred, totaling at least 3 and preferably 4 inches. Sub-base and base should be at least 6 inches each, comprised of limestone rocks with 3-to-4-inch diameter and 2-to-3-inch diameter, respectively.
Include the payment schedule and a guarantee of the finished product.
Determine whether a building permit is required, and specify that it is the contractor's responsibility to obtain one on your behalf, if needed.